Kanha National Park, Madhya Pradesh
Kanha National Park-the core imaginative platform and the source of inspiration for the famous writer Rudyard Kipling for his notable novel, "the Jungle Book"; has a different and impressive image in the eye of nature lovers. The most preferred zone for tiger tour, the Kanha Tiger Reserve is the first national park and the tiger reserve in Madhya Pradesh. The park has the significant population of wild species including Royal Bengal Tiger, leopards, the sloth bear, Barasingha and Indian wild dog.
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Located in the Mandala and Balaghat districts of Madhya Pradesh, the park was earlier divided into two sanctuaries namely Hallon and Banjar with an area of 250 sq km and 300 sq km respectively till 1933. Later the park was christened into Kanha National Park on June1, 1955. It is now being stretched into the regions of 1067 kmē including the buffer zone along with the neighboring Phen Sanctuary of 110 kmē to form the Kanha Tiger Reserve in 1974.
Kanha is the largest national park in central India and is famously being called the Wild Magic. Kanha Reserve is being located in the Maikal range forming the eastern base of the triangular Satpura ranges. It lies 160 km (100 miles) southeast of Jabalpur and 270 km (170 miles) northeast of the city of Nagpur (Maharashtra)Geographically Kanha Reserve is the fantastic location in the central Indian highlands with latitude: 22° 7' to 22° 27'N and longitude: 80° 26' to 81° 3'E.
Different Zones of Kanha
The park has been divided into 6 ranges for better management in the vicinity that comprises of Kisli, Kanha,Sarhi and Mukki in the western block; and Bhaisanghat and Supkhar in the eastern sector which remain closed for the public.
Flora in Kanha National Park
Although the whole Madhya Pradesh is being widely known for the lush dense forests but Kanha Park alone brings the wholesome effects of greenery in its vast vicinity. Interestingly, it's a perfect destination for over 200 species of flowering plants and is a low land forest to bring a mixture of Sal (Shorea robusta) and other mixed forest trees, mingled with meadows. The moderate and favorable climate and varied topography supports the growth of a rich and varied flora in the Park. Over 70 species of trees are found in Kanha.
Types of Forest Area in Kanha
The central highlands of Kanha are normally tropical moist dry deciduous type but still one can find the variation in its types as:
- Moist Peninsular Sal Forests (3 C/C2)
- Southern Tropical Moist Mixed Deciduous Forest (3 A/C 2a)
- Southern Tropical Dry Deciduous Mixed Forest (5 A/C-3)
Fauna in Kanha Reserve
The largest reserve in Madhya Pradesh, Kanha is the perfect abode for different herbivorous and carnivorous animals. The wildlife lovers can find the ample amount of distinct species of wild creatures in the vicinity in abundance. The reserve is also the perfect habitat for the most endangered species the Indian tigers and the Swamp Deer, Barasingha. Barasingha is often referred as the jewel of Kanha due to its abundant presence in the area. Along with that different species of mammalians, reptiles, fishes and birds can also be found here. It is to be noted that there are around 300 species of avi-faunas that can be found in the reserve area, a perfect destination for the ornithologists.
Climate in Kanha
With remarkable variations in climate, Kanha brings the tropical condition and the summer temperatures exceed up to 43°C. Monsoons are heavy during June to September and the rest of the season remains beautiful and pleasant in the months of October to March.
- Summers- extreme- hot and dry (April-June) - max temperature- 43° C
- Monsoons- mid June-September - average rainfall- 1800 mm
- Winters- quite cold (Nov- Feb) and frost covers the meadows- min temp - 2° C
Kanha tiger reserve is being well connected from the major destinations of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh.
By Road : one can get easy access to the reserve directly through the major nearby destinations like Nagpur, Jabalpur, Raipur, Bilaspur or Bhilai.
By Train : The Nearest Railway Stations for accessing Kanha National Park is Gondia & Jabalpur. Gondia railway station is 145kms / 03:00 hrs drive from Kanha (Khatia Entrance Gate). Jabalpur railway station is 160kms / 04:00 hrs drive from Kanha (Mukki Entrance Gate)
By Air : The Nearest Airport for Kanha National Park are Jabalpur 160 Kms, Raipur 250 Kms & Nagpur 300 Kms.
Activities to do in Kanha
Kanha National Park is the most visited place for the enthusiastic wildlife lovers as well the nature lovers. This is the reason people can perform multiple activities here like
- Jungle Safari in Kanha
- Tiger Tour
- Bird Watching
- Sight-seeing and many more
Best Time to Visit
The best season to throng at Kanha National Park is between mid of October till the last months of June.
Wildlife Safari in the Kanha National Park:
|Winter Timing||Summer Timing|
|Morning: 07:30 hrs
Evening : 15:00 hrs
|Morning: 12:00 hrs
Evening : 17:30 hrs
|Morning: 06:30 hrs
Evening : 17:00 hrs
|Morning: 11:00 hrs
Evening : 19:00 hrs
Months from November-June are favorable for visitation in the park; still the best period is February-April.
Hotels & Resorts in Kanha National Park
|Krishna Jungle Resort|
The Krishna Jungle Resort at the Kanha National Park, is owned and managed by Hotel Krishna, Jabalpur, a 3-star hotel rated as one of the best hotels in Central India.
|The Wild Chalet Resort|
Wild Chalet Resort is situated on the banks of the Banjar River , Wild Chalet is an ideal entrance to Kanha National Park Each of the Charming cream washed cottages,
|Royal Tiger Resort|
The Royal Tiger Resort at Kanha is tastefully designed over an area of 6 acres in Kanha National Park. This 3-star property is ideally located very close to the entrance of the park at Mukki.
|Tuli Tiger Resort|
Tuli Tiger Resort is situated in the heart of Kanha (Madhya Pradesh), the Tuli Tiger Resort beckons Tiger lovers from all over the World to come and explore Kanha. The Resort has a setting which makes you feel that you are camping out .
|Kanha Jungle Lodge|
Located at Mukki (in Balaghat District) amidst the Sal forests, the lodge is about one kilometer from Kanha National Park's Mukki entrance.
|The Celebration Van Vilas|
Experience this wild life resort, located at Kanha , which has unparalled accommodation design and facilities and is enhanced by a great team of warm caring local people.
|Tiger Woods Kanha Resorts|
Tiger Woods Kanha Resorts embraces the wild untamed beauty of the sanctuary with all the comforts of modern civilization, paying tribute to India’s Royal Heritage.
|Kings Crown Resort|
Kings's Crown is a spacious Luxury Resort at Kanha Park. Offers modern facilities and amenities. The campus encloses Open Garden along with Super Deluxe cottages and rooms both Air conditioned and Air cooled.
|Mapple Bundela Tiger Retreat Kanha|
" The resort offers 20 rooms which includes 04 luxurious jungle tents along with 04 independent cottages and 12 comfortable and elegant rooms with all modern amenities".
Kanha National Park Tour Packages
|Tour Name||India Tiger Tour|
|Duration||13 nights & 14 days|
|Destinations Covered||Delhi - Agra - Umaria - Bandhavgarh National Park - Kanha National Park - Nagpur - Delhi - Corbett National Park - Delhi|
|Tour Name||Wildlife with culture and heritage of India|
|Duration||15 nights & 16 days|
|Destinations Covered||Delhi - Jaipur - Agra - Varanasi - Katni - Bandhavgarh - Kanha - Nagpur - Mumbai|
|Tour Name||Kiplings Playground Tiger|
|Duration||09 nights & 10 days|
|Destinations Covered||Delhi - Khajuraho - Bandhavgarh National Park - Kanha National Park - Nagpur - Delhi|
|Tour Name||Royal Bengal Tiger Tour|
|Duration||10 nights & 11 days|
|Destinations Covered||Kolkatta - Sunderbans - Kolkata - Nagpur - Kanha National Park - Bandhavgarh National Park - Jabalpur - Agra - Delhi|
|Tour Name||Tiger Search in Central India|
|Duration||08 nights & 09 days|
|Destinations Covered||Delhi - Katni - Bandhavgarh - Kanha - Jabalpur - Delhi|
Wildlife in Kanha National Park
|Rhesus Macaque||Wolf||Sloth Bear||Small Indian Civet|
|Striped Hyaena||Tiger||Indian Muntjac||Sambar|
|Gaur||Indian Palm Squirrel||Hanuman Langur||Bengal Fox|
|Smooth-coated Otter||Four-horned Antelope||Indian Hare||Jungle Cat|
|Indian Spotted Chevrotain||Chital||Nilgai||Blackbuck|
|Indian Porcupine||Golden Jackal||Dhole||Ratel Ruddy Mongoose|
|Leopard||Wild Boar||Swamp Deer||Indian Pangolin|
Birding in the Kanha National Park:
Cattle Egret, Pond Heron, Black Ibis, Common Peafowl, Crested Serpent, Racket-Tailed Drongo, Hawk Eagle, Woodpecker, Pigeon, Dove, Parakeet, Babbler and Mynah, Indian Roller, White-Breasted Kingfisher and Gray Hornbill.
Kanha National Park Travel Information
Access (Kanha National Park):
By Air: Drive from Jabalpur (6 hours), which is also the nearest airport or from Nagpur (7 hours drive). There are regular air services to Raipur and Nagpur (270 kms) from other airports in India. From these airports one has to drive to the park.
By Rail: The most convenient railheads for Kanha are Jabalpur and Nagpur. These two are well connected by fast and superfast trains other destinations in India.
By Road: To access the Kanha National Park there are two ways, via Khatia or via Kisli. From Jabalpur there are daily bus services to these places. From Jabalpur, Bilaspur and Raipur one can hire taxis to the park. No vehicles are allowed inside the park after dark so get there before dusk.