Sunderban National Park, West Bengal
Area : Sunderbans National Park, India, 169,950 hectares (core) and 88,527 hectares (buffer).
Established : 1973 as a tiger reserve, 1978 as a national park.
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About Sunderban National Park:
Some believe that the name Sunderbans is derived from 'Sundri' - a plant found in the local mangroves - and 'bans'meaning forest. Others believe the name means 'beautiful forest' ('sunder' = beautiful, and 'bans' = forest). The Sunderbans, extending over an area of 1,000,000 hectares, is the world's largest delta, formed by the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghana rivers. The region has extensive mangrove forests and the contours are in a constant state of flux, caused by the monsoon flooding each year. Roughly a third of the delta is water, consisting of rivers, channels and tidal creeks up to 5 kilometers wide. The Sunderbans falls both within the India and Bangladesh, the latter having the larger share of the delta. On the Indian side there is a national park overlooking the Bay of Bengal.
The Sunderbans West, South and East wildlife sanctuaries in Bangladesh are also at the southern extremities of the delta. The Sunderbans parks are covered in mangrove forests of which there are 3 main zones, depending on the level of salt in the soil and water a freshwater zone, a moderately saline zone, and a saline zone. Fishing, timber extraction and honey collection are the main human activities allowed within the Sunderbans. The four Sunderbans national parks have been lumped together as they all share common features of the estuarine mangrove ecosystem. The main attractions of the Sunderbans are the Tiger, of which the delta harbor large reptiles like the Monitor Lizard, Estuarine Crocodile and the Olive Ridley Turtle, for which there is a conservation programme in the Indian park. The Leopard, Indian Rhinoceros, Javan Rhinoceros, Swamp Deer, Hog Deer and Water Buffalo have all become locally extinct from the delta in recent decades.
Best Season (Sunderban National Park):
The best time to visit Sunderbans is during winters between September and March.
Access(Sunderban National Park) :
The Sunderbans are not easily accessible. To get to the Sunderbans national park in India the nearest airport is Calcutta, the nearest railway station is Canning, and the nearest town is Gosaba. From the park headquarters at Canning take the country motor launch (5 hours) to Sajnekhali.
There are regular bus services from Kolkata (Calcutta) to this place. But the main areas of the sanctuary can only be accessed by riverine waterways. The best and the safest way to visit Sunderbans is on conducted tours. One can also avail the services of the private vessels from Canning, Gosaba or Basanti.
Sunderban National Park Wildlife Tour Package
Sunderban National Park
Sunderban national park is home of more than 250 tigers. The Royal Bengal Tigers have developed a unique characteristic of swimming in the saline waters, and are world famous for their man-eating tendencies.
Apart from the Royal Bengal Tiger; Fishing Cats, Jungle Cat, Common Grey Mongoose, Wild Boar, Fox, Flying Fox, Macaques, Chital, Pangolin are also found in abundance in the park.
Birding in Sunderban National Park:
Brahminy Ducks, White Bellied Sea Eagles, Fishing Eagles, Woodpeckers, Red Jungle Fowls, Kingfishers, Brahminy Kite, Gray Herons, Spotted Doves, Jungle Crow, Jungle Babblers, Wood Sandpipers, Rose Ringed Parakeets, Caspian Terns, Paradise Flycatchers, Green Pigeons, Pheasant Tailed Jacanas, Large Egrets, Pariah Kites, Common Mynahs, Herring Gulls, Spotted Billed Pelicans, Little Stints, Eastern Knots, Golden Plovers, Swamp Partridges, Open Billed Storks, Cotton Teals, Black-Tailed Godwits, Pintails, Cormorants, Peregrine falcons, Night Herons, White Eyed Pochards, Common Snipes, Whimprels, Seagulls, Water Hens, Coots are the common birds which can found easily in the national park.
Sunderbans national park is also home of a good number of reptiles like Estuarine Crocodiles, King Cobras, sea snakes, Dog Faced Water Snakes, rat Snakes, Monitor Lizardsł Salvator Lizards, Mouse Ghekos,, Russels Vipers, Olive Ridley turtlesł Chameleons, Hard Shelled Batgun Terrapins, Green Turtles, Curviers, Hawks Bill Turtles, Chequered Killbacks, Pythons and etc.
Sunderban National Park Travel InformationLocation : Piyali, West Bengal, India.
Area : 9,630 Sq. Kms.
Climate : Winter Min. 10 degree C & Summer Max 34 degree C
Time to visit : December to February, park also opens from September to March
Established : Ramgarh Gate, Mohand Gate, Ranipur Gate, Motichur Gate, Chila Gate, Kunao Gate, Laldhang Gate
Zone of the Park: Core zone (national park), Afforestation zone, Agri operation zone, Restoration zone
How to Reach Sundarban National Park
Air : The nearest Airport to the park is located at Dum Dum Kolkata 166 kms.
Rail : The nearest Railway Station to the park is located at Canning 105 kms
Road : The nearest town to the park is Gosaba 50 kms..