Bandipur National Park, Karnataka
Established in 1973, the Bandipur National Park is the most knowing tiger reserve in the Southern state of Karnataka. Once a private hunting reserve for the Maharaja of Mysore the Bandipur Tiger Reserve is today a famous reserve under the tiger project. Bandipur is located in Gundlupet taluq of Chamarajanagar district which is about 80 kilometers (50 mi) from the city of Mysore on the route to a major tourist destination of Ooty. This brings a lot of tourist traffic at Bandipur to make remarkable wildlife tourism in India. The park which is located in Nilgiri areas is also being flanked by Kabini, Moyar and Mugu Rivers to bring much plush environment in the reserve.
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Bandipur along with Nagarhole National Park (643 sq km), Madumalai National Park (320 sq km) and Wynad Wildlife Sanctuary (344 sq km) to form the part of the Nilgiri Forest Reserve with a total area of 2183 sq km and thus is the largest protected area in the southern India.
The sanctuary was being created by the Maharaja of Mysore in the year 1931 by covering the area of 90 sq km and named it as Venugopala Wildlife Park. Later in the year 1973 some additional area was given to the park nearly 800 sq km under the tiger project and then the park was converted as Bandipur Tiger Reserve.
Located between 75° 12' 17" E to 76° 51' 32" E and 11° 35' 34" N to 11° 57' 02" N where the Deccan Plateau meets the Western Ghats, Bandipur Reserve brings the altitude of the park ranging from 680 meters (2,230 ft) to 1,454 meters (4,770 ft). This brings a variety of biomes including dry deciduous forests, moist deciduous forests and shrub lands. The wide ranges of habitats help support a diverse range of organisms in the reserve along with the coordinated water provisions by the three rivers namely Kabini, Moyar and Mugu to make the regions more fleshy and lushly.
The highest point in the park is on a hill called Himavad Gopalaswamy Betta, where there is a Hindu temple at the summit. Bandipur has typical tropical climate with distinct wet and dry seasons. The dry and hot period usually begins in early March and can last till the arrival of the monsoon rains in June.
Flora in Bandipur National Park
The Bandipur Tiger Reserve is flourished with great ranges of timber trees including: Teak (Tectona grandis), Rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia), Sandalwood (Santalum album V), Indian-laurel (Terminalia tomentosa), Indian Kino Tree (Pterocarpus marsupium), giant clumping bamboo (Dendrocalamus strictus), clumping bamboo (Bambusa arundinacea) and Grewia tiliaefolia.
There are also several notable flowering and fruiting trees and shrubs including: Kadam tree (Adina cordifolia), Indian gooseberry (Emblica officinalis), Crape-myrtle (Lagerstroemia lanceolata), axlewood(Anogeissus latifolia), Black Myrobalan(Terminalia chebula), Schleichera trijuga, Odina wodiar, Flame of the Forest(Butea monosperma), Golden Shower Tree (Cassia fistula), satinwood (Chloroxylon swietenia), Black Cutch(Acacia catechu), Shorea talura (E), indigoberry (Randia uliginosa)
Fauna in Bandipur National Park
Bandipur Reserve is such a place where one can find the ample counts of varied mammals along with the endangered and vulnerable kinds of species like Bonner Macaque Nilgiri Langur (adjoining areas), Dhole, Smooth-coated Otter, Common Palm, Civet, Stripe-necked Mongoose, Jungle Cat, Tiger, Wild Boar, Chital, Gaur, Indian Palm, Squirrel, Grizzled Indian Squirrel, Liontail Macaque, Golden Jackal, Sloth Bear, Indian Grey Mongoose, Striped Hyaena, Rusty-spotted Cat, Ratel, Indian Spotted Chevrotain, Sambar, Nilgiri Tahr (adjoining areas), Indian Porcupine, Hanuman Langur, Bengal Fox, Eurasian, Otter Small Indian Civet, Ruddy, Mongoose, Leopard, Cat Leopard, Indian Elephant, Indian Muntjac, Four-horned Antelope, Indian Pangolin, Indian Hare Red, Giant Flying squirrel, Indian Giant Squirrel and the list continues.
The region of the park annually is warm and comfortable with the temperature ranging from 24 to 28° C except during winters when the mercury downs to 19 °C. Although, monsoons are erratic here but generally it rains from June to September.
Since the Bandipur Reserve is being located on the highway connecting Mysore and the hill station of Ooty, reaching there through bus will be much convenient. The bus route takes 2½ hours to reach Bandipur forest from Mysore and about 3 hours from Ooty. The nearest rail junction is Mysore (65 km) and the nearest international airport is the software Mecca of Bangalore (204 km).
Bandipur Wildlife Tour Packages
|Tour Name||Wildlife in South India|
|Duration||12 nights & 13 days|
|Destinations Covered||Chennai - Mahabalipuram & Kanchipuram - Trichy - Madurai - Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary - Cochin - Ooty - Bandipur Sanctuary - Bangalore - Chennai|
|Tour Name||South India Bird Watching Tour|
|Duration||06 nights & 07 days|
|Destinations Covered||Kochi - Thattekkad - Periyar - Munnar - Top Slip - Ooty - Masinagudi - Mudumalai - Bandipur - Bandipur - Mysore - Kokre Bellur - Ranganthittu|
|Tour Name||Bandipur Weekend Tour|
|Duration||03 Nights & 04 Days|
|Destinations Covered||Bangalore - Bandipur National Park- Bangalore|
|Tour Name||Karnataka Wildlife Tour|
|Duration||10 nights & 11 days|
|Destinations Covered||Bangalore - Bannerghatta - Mysore - Nagarhole National Park- Bandipur National Park- Ooty - Bangalore|
|Tour Name||South India Wildlife Tour|
|Duration||17 nights & 18 days|
|Destinations Covered||Bangalore - Bannerghatta - Ranganathittu - Nagarhole - Bandipur - Ooty - Cochin - Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary - Kovalam - Thiruvananthapuram - Delhi / Mumbai|
|Tour Name||Best Of South Indian Wildlife|
|Duration||13 nights & 14 days|
|Destinations Covered||Bangalore- Mysore - Nagarhole National Park - BR Hills Wildlife Sanctuary - Bandipur National Park - Ooty - Eravikulam National Park - Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary - Kumarakoram Bird Sanctuary - Kochi|
Wildlife in Bandipur National park:
Bandipur National park contains a huge variety of animals, birds and reptiles within it. Primarlily the population consists of...
Mammals: Tiger, leopard, elephant, sloth bear, gaur, sambar (deer), asiatic wild dog, striped hyena, chital, mouse deer, wild boar, barking deer, four horned antelope, hyena, spotted deer, barking deer, mouse deer, mongoose and the slender loris.
Reptiles: King cobra, common cobra, rat snake, water snake, marsh crocodile, russell's viper, lizard, chameleon, monitor lizard, frog, common krait, indian python, flying snake, tree frog, toad and tortoise.
Birds: Over 230 species of birds have been identified. Some of the most notable ones are the heron, stork, falcon, sandpiper, woodpecker, drongo grey junglefowl, pompadour green pigeon, honey buzzard, red-headed vulture, egret, kite, grey-headed fish eagle, brown hawk owl, peafowl, lapwing, bay owl, malabar trogon, nilgiri flycatcher, malabar pied hornbill, little spiderhunter, plain flowerpecker and the warbler.
Bandipur National park Travel Information
Time to Visit: The best time to visit between April to October.
Location : Karnataka
Area : 874.20-sq-kms
How to Reach
Air : The nearest airport is at Bangalore which is 220 km from Bandipur.
Rail : Mysore is nearest railhead, at a distance of 80-kms.
Road : 220 km from Bangalore; 80 km from Mysore and 80 kms from Ooty.
Altitude and Climate:
Altitude between 680 to 1454 meters, situated south of the Kabini River at the foothills of the Western Ghat, Nagur and Moyar flow through the reserve. Winter min 10 and Summer max 28 degree, Monsoon started from June - September, one can visit is open throughout the year but preferably in monsoon when wildlife is plenty and forest is green, Greenery is quite lean when viewed from road but gets thicker as we proceed into the forest.
Light cotton clothing is recommended for summers whereas light woolen garments are recommended for the brief winters. During rainy season, it is advisable to carry raincoats, as the rain is accompanied by a light breeze that renders umbrellas useless.