Jim Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand
A promising land for the wild species at Ramnagar in Nainital district in Uttarakhand, the Corbett National Park is the most dwindling part of nature residing at the Himalayan foothills & Shivalik ranges and is considerably being called as the perfect tiger's land. India's first noticed wildlife sanctuary and national park established in the year 1936, brings the opportunity to behold the largest tiger population in the vicinity.
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A perfect destination for the India wildlife tour, the Jim Corbett National Park highlights India's first tiger project, an Indian wildlife protection initiative; under the influence of the famous hunter turned conservationist James Corbett and since then got its position as the first national park.
The Corbett Reserve has the sub-Himalayan belt with geographical and ecological characteristics and is a perfect ecotourism destination. The park comprises of 488 different species of plants and varieties of faunas. Located between 29°25' to 29°39'N latitude and 78°44' to 79°07'E longitude, the average altitude of the region ranges between 360 m (1,181 ft) and 1,040 m (3,412 ft).
Flora in Corbett Reserve
By spreading across the area of 1318.54 sq km, the nature lovers can find the 488 different varieties of plants including Bel, Chbilla, Dhak, Bakli, Pula, Bamboo,Semal, Khingan, Sal, Khair, Sissoo, Ber, Kuthber, Kharpat, Rohini. Besides there are dense ranges of Sal forests found here for woody vegetation.
Faunas in Corbett Tiger Reserve
A perfect wildlife destination, Corbett hosts around 586 species of resident as well as migratory species of avi-faunas including the crested serpent eagle, blossom-headed parakeet and the red jungle fowl - ancestor of all domestic fowl along with 33 species of reptiles, seven species of amphibians, seven species of fish and 36 species of dragonflies.
Bengal tigers are the most dominating species in the area along with the Indian elephant and leopard species. Other mammals include four kinds of deer (barking, sambar, hog and chital), Sloth and Himalayan Black bears, Indian Grey Mongoose, otters, yellow-throated martens, ghoral (goat-antelopes), Indian pangolins, and langur and rhesus monkeys.
Project Tiger in Corbett
April 1 1973, the year when with the help of World Wildlife Fund, the project tiger was launched in Dhikala range of the forest by proposing the extension of 588 sq kms, from 520 sq km. The project tiger was initialized so by keeping the objective of saving the Indian tiger from extinction. The basic reason for the project tiger was the deteriorating rate of the tiger species which was 90 in the year 1984, but with the increased case of poaching the count declined to greater extent; since the land was once the hunting preserve for the Maharaja of Rewa.
The situation deteriorated rapidly and in 1971, the Indian government banned the killing of tigers. Since then the Project Tiger was started and the Jim Corbett National Park was formed - the name honoring the famous hunter of the past.
Different Entry Zones of Corbett
Keeping in mind that the national park is spread at a wider range of around 1288 sq km, it is very difficult for the wildlife enthusiasts to make a complete visit to the whole ranges at a stretch. This is why for a systematic and controlled visiting, the reserve have been categorized into four different zones namely:
- Bijrani Zone in Amadanda Gate
- Dhikala Zone in Dhangari Gate
- Jhirna Zone in Khara, Kalagarh Gate
- Domunda Zone in Durgadevi Gate
- Sonanadi Zone in Vatanvasa Gate
Altitude: 385-1100 m above mean sea level(MSN)
Annual rainfall: 1400-2800 mm.
Temperature range: 4°C in winter to 42°C during summer.
When to Visit
Corbett remains open to tourists from mid November to mid June. The main reason for closure of the park during the rest of the year is that monsoons make most of the roads get washed away. After monsoon, the repair work starts and it is only by November that roads are back in motive condition.
Corbett National Park Wildlife Tour Packages
|Tour Name||India Wildlife Special Tour|
|Duration||13 nights & 14 days|
|Destinations Covered||Delhi - Sariska Tiger Reserve - Ranthambore National Park - Jaipur - Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary - Agra - Corbett National Park - Dhikala - Delhi|
|Tour Name||Wildlife of Corbett|
|Duration||03 nights & 04 days|
|Destinations Covered||Delhi - Corbett National Park - Delhi|
|Tour Name||India Tiger Tour|
|Duration||13 nights & 14 days|
|Destinations Covered||Delhi - Agra - Umaria - Bandhavgarh National Park - Kanha National Park - Nagpur - Delhi - Corbett National Park - Delhi|
|Tour Name||Wildlife and Rajasthan Special India|
|Duration||27 Nights & 28 Days|
|Destinations Covered||Mumbai - Nagpur - Kanha - Bandhavgarh National Park - Agra - Bharatpur - Sawai Madhopur - Ranthambore National Park - Mandawa - Bikaner - Jaisalmer - Jodhpur - Udaipur - Pushkar - Jaipur - Delhi - Corbett National Park - Delhi|
|Tour Name||Corbett Weekend Tour|
|Duration||03 nights & 04 days|
|Destinations Covered||Delhi - Corbett National Park- Delhi|
|Tour Name||Uttarakhand Tour Packages|
|Duration||12 nights & 13 days|
|Destinations Covered||Delhi - Dehradun- Rishikesh - Raja Ji National Park - Kaudilya - Haridwar - Nainital- Ranikhet - Corbett National Park - Delhi|
|Tour Name||Tiger and himalaya|
|Duration||10 nights & 11 days|
|Destinations Covered||Delhi- Corbett National Park- Ranikhet- Kausani- Almora -Nainital -Delhi|
The Wildlife in Corbett National Park
Mammals : The Sloth Bear, Himalayan Black Bear, Dhole, Jackal, Yellow Throated Martem, Himalayan Palm Civet, Indian Grey Mongoose, Common Otter, Porcupine, Clack-taped Hare are the other attractions of this area. It is possible to see elephants all over the park too. There are four species of deer residing over here. These are the Chital, the well-known Spotted Deer, Para, Kakka, and the Barking Deer. The Goat Antelopes are represented by the Ghoral.
Birding: There is a lot for the bird watchers in this park. It has over 580 species of birds. Most of the water birds are migrant, and arrive in winters. Some of these are the Greylag, Bar-headed Goose, Duck, Grepe, Snipe, Sandpiper, Gull and wagtail. The residents include Darters, Cormorants, Egrets, Herons, the black-necked Stork and the spur winged Lapwings.
Reptiles, which are residents of this area, are the Gharial, the rare Fish eating, long - nosed Crocodile, and a few species of Turtles and Tortoises. The Indian Python, Viper, Cobra, Krait and King Cobra also inhabit the Corbett National Park.
Fishes: Mahaseer, kalimuchi, kalabasu, chilwa and goonch. : Mahaseer, kalimuchi, kalabasu, chilwa and goonch.
Corbett National Park Travel Information
The Ramnagar town is the headquarters of Corbett Tiger Reserve. It is well connected to important places by road and rail.
By Road : Ramnagar is connected by road to Delhi, Moradabad, Bareilly and Naintial. State transport buses ply regularly from Delhi, Moradabad, Haldwani to Ramnagar.
By Rail : A direct train to Ramnagar runs from New Delhi. Alternatively, one can come down to Haldwani/Kashipur/Kathgodam and then to Ramnagar by road.